The Arms Trade Treaty-Baseline Assessment Project (ATT-BAP) was developed by Rachel Stohl (Stimson Center) and Paul Holtom (Small Arms Survey) following the adoption of the Arms Trade Treaty. The project seeks to provide clear guidance on the obligations contained within the ATT and to establish a baseline assessment of States’ abilities to implement the Treaty.
States are focusing on the steps necessary to successfully implement the ATT, including building capacity, familiarizing themselves with best practices, and developing national legislation. Each has its own national approach to transfer control systems and resources. The ATT-BAP helps increase States’ understanding of ATT requirements, and provides insight on good practice measures that can be taken to ensure States are effectively implementing the Treaty. States, international, regional, and civil society organizations have already begun to plan and undertake projects to support ATT implementation. Key factors for supporting effective implementation include:
1. Ensuring States understand their ATT obligations
2. Identifying existing capacities and areas to be strengthened
3. Matching assistance needs with resources, to avoid duplication and waste
The ATT-BAP assists States in better understanding the requirements necessary for effective Treaty implementation. By helping States identify their specific needs, and providing a mechanism to match needs with available resources, the ATT-BAP will help Member States, international and regional organizations and civil society organizations work towards effective implementation and ensure the Treaty’s overall success in the long-term.
While the Treaty itself provides some guidance for reviewing national laws and regulations in order to meet Treaty obligations, it does not offer explicit details on how States Parties should fulfill these obligations. Recognizing the need for more information on Treaty requirements, the ATT-BAP assists States in identifying critical gaps and required resources needed for effective Treaty implementation. In addition, it enables States to share examples of different national understandings of key concepts in the Treaty and examples of ‘good practice’ measures for implementation. Further, it enables the development of projects that are targeted and relevant to the needs of individual States. The ATT-BAP will also provide a tool for charting the progress of ATT implementation and determining the efficacy of the Treaty over time.
The ATT-BAP delivers three key tools for guidance on ratification, implementation, assistance and future monitoring. Ratification Checklist: the ratification checklist enables States to internally assess 12 areas relating to ATT implementation and facilitates domestic identification of areas that require further development. Baseline Assessment Survey: completed surveys provide a baseline assessment of the 12 areas relating to ATT implementation identified in the ratification checklist, identify areas for international assistance and capacity-building, and provide information to States, international, regional, and civil society organizations to monitor ATT implementation. Project Portal: the ATT-Baseline Assessment Project Portal (ATT-BAPP) presents information from completed surveys in a user-friendly format for analyzing current State practices and requisite needs for effective Treaty implementation. The ATT-BAPP is an online platform that can be used for: completing national surveys; reviewing good practices and measures utilized by States Parties to implement the ATT; identifying areas for international assistance and capacity-building; and drawing conclusions on general trends in Treaty implementation.