1. Does your State maintain a national system for controlling or regulating:

[ Articles 3, 4, 5.2, 8, 9, and 10 ]

Export Yes
Import Yes
Transit / Transshipment by land Yes
Transit / Transshipment by sea Yes
Transit / Transshipment by air Yes
Brokering Yes
2. For which activities does your State maintain a national control list of conventional arms:

[ Articles 2.2 and 5.2 ]

Export Yes
Import Yes
Transit / Transshipment Yes
Brokering Yes
3. Does your national control list cover the following:

[ Articles 2.1, 3, 4, and 5.2 ]

Battle tanks [Article 2.1] Yes
Armored combat vehicles [Article 2.1] Yes
Large-caliber artillery systems [Article 2.1] Yes
Combat aircraft [Article 2.1] Yes
Attack helicopters [Article 2.1] Yes
Warships [Article 2.1] Yes
Missiles and missile launchers [Article 2.1] Yes
Small arms and light weapons [Article 2.1] Yes
Ammunition / Munitions for the above items [Article 3] Yes
Parts and components requiring control for the above items [Article 4] Yes
4. Is/are your national control list(s) publicly available?

[ Article 5.3 ]

1) If yes, please provide a copy or link to where your control list is made publicly available 2) If no, please provide a copy of your control list or provide information on the additional items that are covered Yes
http://exportcontrol.bg/docs/PMS_246_ot_...
4a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
Decree (CoM) No.246 of 24.10.2013 on adoption of a List of Defense-related Products (in Bulgarian)
5. Are the controlled items defined?

[ Article 5.3 ]

1) if yes, which definition(s) do you use? (e.g. Wassenaar, United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, National definitions, etc.) Yes
Definitions in accordance with the Initial Elements of the Wassenaar Arrangement, the UN Register of Conventional Arms, and the EU Common Military list.
1. Is the control of arms exports established in national legislation?

[ Article 5.5 ]

Yes
1a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
Law on Export Control on Defense-related products and Dual-use Items and Technologies: http://exportcontrol.bg/Modulen.php?id=1325
2. Which Ministry/ies or government agency/ies is/are responsible for implementing controls on arms exports?

[ Article 5.5 ]

Ministry of Economy and Energy, Ministry of Defense, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Interior, State Agency for National Security (These institutions are represented at the Interministerial Commission for Export Control and Non-Proliferation of WMD with the Minister of Economy and Energy)
3. Which Ministry or agency leads this process?

[ Article 5.5 ]

Interministerial Commission for Export Control and Non-Proliferation of WMD with the Minister of Economy and Energy (presided by the Minister of Economy and Energy)
4. Does your State take measures to ensure that all authorizations are detailed and issued prior to export?

[ Article 7.5 ]

If yes, what measures does your State take to ensure that all authorizations are detailed and issued prior to export? Yes
The exporter has to apply for a license for each transaction to the Interministerial Commission. The export applications are subject to prior interagency review and decisions are taken on a case-by-case basis, taking into account the relevant circumstances.
5. Can your State reassess an authorization if your State becomes aware of new and relevant information?

[ Article 7.7 ]

Yes
5a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
6. Does your State maintain records of arms export authorizations?

[ Article 12.1 ]

Yes
6a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
7. For how many years are records maintained?

[ Articles 12.1 and 12.4 ]

10 years minimum
8. What information do the records contain?

[ Article 12.3 ]

Quantity Yes
Value Yes
Model / Type Yes
Importing State Yes
End-User Yes
Other (specify below)
8a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
9. Does your State maintain records of actual arms exports?

[ Article 12.1 ]

Yes
9a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
10. For how many years are records maintained?

[ Articles 12.1 and 12.4 ]

10 years minimum
11. What information do the records contain?

[ Article 12.3 ]

Quantity Yes
Value Yes
Model/ Type Yes
Importing State Yes
End-User Yes
Transit/ transshipment State(s) Yes
Other (specify below)
12. Please provide any other information on export practices you would like to share.
1. Is the regulation of arms imports established in national legislation?

[ Article 8.2 ]

Yes
1a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
Law on Export Control on Defense-related Products and Dual-use Items and Technologies
2. Which Ministry/ies or government agency/ies is/are responsible for regulating arms imports?

[ Article 5.5 ]

Ministry of Economy and Energy, Ministry of Defense, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Interior, State Agency for National Security (These institutions are represented at the Interministerial Commission for Export Control and Non-Proliferation of WMD with the Minister of Economy and Energy)
3. Which Ministry or agency leads this process?

[ Article 5.5 ]

Interministerial Commission for Export Control and Non-Proliferation of WMD with the Minister of Economy and Energy (presided by the Minister of Economy and Energy)
4. What measures does your State take to regulate imports?

[ Article 8.1 ]

Requirement for prior export/import activity authorization and license for each individual import.
5. Does your State have measures in place to ensure that appropriate and relevant information is available to exporting States as part of their export assessment process?

[ Articles 8.1 and 11.3 ]

Yes
5a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
6. Does your State maintain records of arms imports?

[ Article 12.2 ]

Yes
6a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
7. For how many years are records maintained?

[ Articles 12.2 and 12.4 ]

10 years minimum
8. What information do the records contain?

[ Article 12.3 ]

Quantity Yes
Value Yes
Model / type Yes
Exporting State Yes
Transit / transshipment State(s) Yes
Other (please specify below)
9. Please provide any other information on import practices you would like to share.
1. Is the regulation of transit and/or transshipment established in national legislation?

[ Article 9 ]

If yes, please provide the definition of transit and/or transshipment in your national legislation Yes
Transit is defined as the transport of goods to and through the customs territory of the European Union to a destination in a non-member state. The transshipment is considered as part of the transit.
1a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
Law on Export Control on Defense-related Products and Dual-use Items and Technologies
2. Which Ministry/ies or government agency/ies is/are responsible for regulating arms transit and/or transshipment?

[ Article 5.5 ]

Ministry of Economy and Energy, Ministry of Defense, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Interior, State Agency for National Security (These institutions are represented at the Interministerial Commission for Export Control and Non-Proliferation of WMD with the Minister of Economy and Energy)
3. Which Ministry or agency leads this process?

[ Article 5.5 ]

Interministerial Commission for Export Control and Non-Proliferation of WMD with the Minister of Economy and Energy (presided by the Minister of Economy and Energy)
4. What measures does your State take to regulate transit and/or transshipment under its jurisdiction?

[ Article 9 ]

Requirement for transit license
5. Does your State maintain records of arms that are authorized to transit and/or transship territory under its jurisdiction?

[ Articles 12.2 and 12.4 ]

Yes
5a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
6. For how many years are records maintained?

[ Article 12.4 ]

10 years minimum
7. What information do the records contain?

[ Article 12.3 ]

Quantity Yes
Value Yes
Model / Type Yes
Exporting State Yes
Importing State Yes
Transit / Transshipment Yes
End-User Yes
Other (please specify below)
7a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
8. Please provide any other information on transit and/or transshipment practices you would like to share.
1. Is the regulation of arms brokering established in national legislation?

[ Article 10 ]

If yes, please provide the definition of brokering used in your national legislation Yes
Brokering services:
  • negotiating or arranging transactions for purchasing, selling or supplying Defense-related products from a third state to another third state; or
  • selling or purchasing Defense-related products located in third states for the purpose of transfer in another third state.
1a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
Law on Export Control on Defense-related Products and Dual-use Items and Technologies
2. Which Ministry/ies or government agency/ies is/are responsible for implementing controls on arms brokering?

[ Article 5.5 ]

Ministry of Economy and Energy, Ministry of Defense, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Interior, State Agency for National Security (These institutions are represented at the Interministerial Commission for Export Control and Non-Proliferation of WMD with the Minister of Economy and Energy)
3. Which Ministry or agency leads this process?

[ Article 5.5 ]

Interministerial Commission for Export Control and Non-Proliferation of WMD with the Minister of Economy and Energy (presided by the Minister of Economy and Energy)
4. Does your State take measures to regulate brokering taking place under your jurisdiction?

[ Article 10 ]

If yes, what measures does your State take to regulate brokering taking place under your jurisdiction? Yes
Requirement for prior brokerage activity registration and license for each brokering deal
5. Please provide any other information on brokering practices you would like to share.
Control on  brokering activities exercised by nationals outside the European Economic Area or by citizens of other states, residing on the territory of the Republic of Bulgaria,is also foreseen under the national legislation.
1. Does your State prohibit transfers of conventional arms:

[ Article 6 ]

If the transfer would violate obligations under measures adopted by the United Nations Security Council acting under Chapter VII, in particular arms embargoes? [Article 6.1] Yes
If the transfer would violate relevant international obligations under international agreements to which you are a party, in particular those relating to the transfer of, or illicit trafficking in, conventional arms? [Article 6.2] Yes
If you have knowledge at the time of authorization that the arms or items covered by your State's legislation would be used in the commission of genocide, crimes against humanity, grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions of 1949, attacks directed against civilian objects or civilians protected as such, or other war crimes as defined by international agreements to which you are a party? [Article 6.3] Yes
1a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
2. Please provide a list of the relevant international agreements to which you are a party.

[ Articles 6.2 and 6.3 ]

Bulgaria implements the principles governing conventional arms transfers of the UN, OSCE, relevant EU documents under CFSP and the Initial Elements of the Wassenaar Arrangement. Bulgaria complies with arms embargoes adopted by the United Nations Security Council, the EU and the OSCE (National Decrees 91/2001 and 272/2012 containing a list of embargoed destinations in accordance with relevant UNSCRs, EU and OSCE positions and decisions). Bulgaria is also a party to all four Geneva Conventions, to all three Additional Protocols, and to the Rome Statute.
3. Please provide any other information on prohibitions you would like to share.
1. Does your State always conduct a risk assessment prior to authorization of an arms export?

[ Article 7.1 ]

If no, please specify under which conditions a risk assessment is not required. Yes
1a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
2. Does your State require that the following criteria are included in your national assessment prior to granting an export authorization?

[ Article 7.1 ]

Whether the arms would contribute to or undermine peace and security? Yes
Whether the arms could be used to commit or facilitate a serious violation of international humanitarian law? Yes
Whether the arms could be used to commit or facilitate a serious violation of international human rights law? Yes
Whether the arms could be used to commit or facilitate an act constituting an offence under international conventions or protocols relating to terrorism to which your State is a party? Yes
Whether the arms could be used to commit or facilitate an act constituting an offence under international conventions or protocols relating to transnational organized crime to which your State is a party? Yes
2a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
3. Are additional criteria considered in addition to the above prior to authorizing a transfer:

[ Articles 7.4 and 11.2 ]

Risk of diversion Yes
Acts of gender based violence Yes
Other (please specify below) Yes
Criteria set out in the EU Common Position 2008/944/CFSP
3a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
4. Does your State consider risk mitigation measures as part of its authorizations process?

[ Article 7.2 ]

If yes, what mitigation measures does your State consider (i.e. confidence building measures or jointly developed and agreed programs)? Yes
Existing mechanisms of conducting additional checks via diplomatic and intelligence channels (in certain cases).
4a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
5. Please provide any other information on risk assessment and/or mitigation practices you would like to share.
1. Does your State take preventative measures to mitigate the risk of diversion?

[ Article 11.2 ]

If yes, what preventative measures does your State take to mitigate the risk of diversion? Yes
  • prior evaluation of end-user certificates
  • on-spot checks during the delivery, if necessary
  • requirement for presentation of delivery verification certificates, etc.
2. Does your State cooperate and exchange information with States to mitigate the risk of diversion?

[ Article 11.3 ]

Yes
2a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
3. Does your State take appropriate measures when it detects a diversion of transferred conventional arms?
If yes, what appropriate measures does your State take when it detects a diversion of transferred conventional arms? Yes
  • detailed investigation of a case
  • checks through different information sources (such as “watch-lists”)
  • in cases when Bulgarian exporters are involved in a diversion, the Penal Code provisions are applicable.
4. Is your State willing to share information on effective measures to address diversion?
If yes, what information is your State willing to share? Yes
General information
1. Which agency/ies is/are responsible for enforcing arms transfer controls?

[ Article 5.5 ]

The control over arms transfers is exercised by the InterministerialCouncil for Defense Industry and Supplies Security, the Interministerial Commission for Export Control and Non-Proliferation of the WMD, the Minister of Economy and Energy, the Minister of Defense, the Minister of Foreign Affairs, the Minister of Interior, the Minister of Finance, the Minister of Transport, Information Technology and Communications, the Chairperson of the State Agency for  National Security, the Director of the Customs Agency and the Governor of the Bulgarian National Bank  or by officials authorised by them.
2. Which Ministry or agency leads this process?

[ Article 5.5 ]

See above
3. What measures does your State take to enforce national laws and regulations that implement the provisions of the Treaty?

[ Article 14 ]

Fines, criminal proceedings, termination of the validity of issued licenses for certain period of time
4. Please provide any other information on enforcement practices you would like to share.
1. Will your State provide an initial report within one year of entry into force on measures undertaken in order to implement the ATT?

[ Article 13.1 ]

Yes
1a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
2. Does your State produce an annual report on:

[ Article 13.3 ]

Authorized arms exports Yes
Authorized arms imports Yes
Actual arms exports Yes
Actual arms imports Yes
2a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
3. Are there legal impediments to the reporting requirements under the ATT?

[ Article 13.3 ]

No
3a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
4. Can your State report on measures taken to address the diversion of transferred conventional arms?

[ Article 13.2 ]

Yes
4a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
5. Has your State designated a national contact point for the ATT?

[ Article 5.6 ]

5a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
6. Please provide any other information on transparency practices you would like to share.
1. Is your State involved in cooperation measures that will help to implement the ATT?

[ Article 15.1 ]

Yes
1a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
2. Is your State currently involved in:

[ Articles 15 ]

Exchange of information on conventional arms transfers [Articles 15.2 and 15.3] Yes
Cooperative measures to prevent diversion [Article 15.4] Yes
Widest measures of assistance in investigations, prosecutions and judicial proceedings [Article 15.5] Yes
Measures to prevent corruption [Article 15.6] Yes
Development of best practices and lessons learned [Article 15.7] No
2a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
3. Does your State intend to pursue cooperation in:

[ Article 15 ]

Exchange of information on conventional arms transfers [Article 15.1, 15.2, and 15.3] Yes
Cooperative measures to prevent diversion [Article 15.4] Yes
Widest measure of assistance in investigations, prosecutions and judicial proceedings [Article 15.5] Yes
Measures to prevent corruption [Article 15.6] Yes
Development of best practices and lessons learned [Article 15.7] Yes
3a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
1. Does your State require assistance to implement the provisions of the Arms Trade Treaty?

[ Article 16.1 ]

No
2. Does your State require:

[ Article 16.1 ]

Legal assistance No
Legislative assistance, including model legislation No
Assistance for institution building No
Technical assistance No
Financial assistance No
Material assistance No
Stockpile management assistance No
Disarmament, demobilization, or reintegration assistance No
Assistance with effective practices for implementation No
Other (please specify below) No
3. Is your State in a position to provide assistance to other States to enable implementation of the provisions of the Arms Trade Treaty?

[ Articles 16.1, 16.2, and 16.3 ]

If yes, please answer question 4. If no, please go straight to question 5. Yes
3a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
4. Is your State in a position to provide:

[ Article 16.1 ]

Legal assistance Yes
Legislative assistance, including model legislation Yes
Assistance for institution building Yes
Technical assistance Yes
Financial assistance No
Material assistance No
Stockpile management assistance Yes
Disarmament, demobilization, or reintegration assistance Yes
Assistance with effective practices for implementation Yes
Other (please specify below) No
Assistance will depend on the availability of funds and experts
5. Please provide information on any additional needs required to implement the ATT, particularly with regard to legal, licensing, customs, awareness raising and enforcement of sanctions, reporting, and transparency

[ Articles 16.1 and 16/2 ]

6. Please provide information on any specific assistance programs that your State has provided that may help others implement the ATT, particularly with regard to legal, licensing, customs, awareness raising and enforcement of sanctions, reporting, and transparency

[ Articles 16.1 and 16.2 ]

Bulgaria has been involved in the relevant EU programs supporting the negotiation of the ATT, as well as its implementation. Bulgarian export control experts have participated in EU outreach activities. In April 2014 Bulgaria hosted a Study Visit for export control experts from Azerbaijan, Belarus and Georgia. The aim of the Study Visit was to share national practices in the field of conventional arms exports with a special focus on end-use/end-user verification, practical aspects of the licensing process and cooperation between the Interministerial Commission for Export Control and Non-Proliferation of WMD and the defense industry. The Study Visit was part of the implementation of EU Council Decision 2012/711/CFSP.
7. Please provide information on specific assistance your State has received through the United Nations, international, regional, subregional or national organizations, non-governmental organizations, or on a bilateral basis that could be considered relevant for ATT implementation

[ Article 16.2 ]

1. Has your State already signed the Arms Trade Treaty?
Yes
2. Has your State already ratified the Arms Trade Treaty?
Yes
3. Is your State preparing to sign the Arms Trade Treaty in the next two years?
N/A
4. Is your State preparing to ratify the Arms Trade Treaty in the next two years?
N/A
5. Will/Has your State forumalted one or more reservations upon ratification?

[ Article 25.1 ]

If yes, please provide a description of your reservation(s). No
6. Please provide any other information you would like to share.