1. Does your State maintain a national system for controlling or regulating:

[ Articles 3, 4, 5.2, 8, 9, and 10 ]

Export Yes
Import Yes
Transit / Transshipment by land Yes
Transit / Transshipment by sea Yes
Transit / Transshipment by air Yes
Brokering Yes
2. For which activities does your State maintain a national control list of conventional arms:

[ Articles 2.2 and 5.2 ]

Export Yes
Import No
Transit / Transshipment Yes
Brokering Yes
3. Does your national control list cover the following:

[ Articles 2.1, 3, 4, and 5.2 ]

Battle tanks [Article 2.1] Yes
Armored combat vehicles [Article 2.1] Yes
Large-caliber artillery systems [Article 2.1] Yes
Combat aircraft [Article 2.1] Yes
Attack helicopters [Article 2.1] Yes
Warships [Article 2.1] Yes
Missiles and missile launchers [Article 2.1] Yes
Small arms and light weapons [Article 2.1] Yes
Ammunition / Munitions for the above items [Article 3] Yes
Parts and components requiring control for the above items [Article 4]
4. Is/are your national control list(s) publicly available?

[ Article 5.3 ]

1) If yes, please provide a copy or link to where your control list is made publicly available 2) If no, please provide a copy of your control list or provide information on the additional items that are covered Yes
According to Finnish Act on the Export o...
4a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
Common European Military List http://www.eeas.europa.eu/non-proliferation-and-disarmament/arms-export-control/index_en.htm the control list is also available in two official languages of Finland: Finnish and Swedish.
5. Are the controlled items defined?

[ Article 5.3 ]

1) if yes, which definition(s) do you use? (e.g. Wassenaar, United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, National definitions, etc.) Yes
National definitions based on international instruments
1. Is the control of arms exports established in national legislation?

[ Article 5.5 ]

Yes
1a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
The Firearms Act 1/1998 The Act on the Export of Defence Materiel (282/2012) available in English translations at: http://www.finlex.fi/fi/laki/kaannokset/2012/en20120282.pdf http://www.finlex.fi/fi/laki/kaannokset/1998/en19980001.pdf
2. Which Ministry/ies or government agency/ies is/are responsible for implementing controls on arms exports?

[ Article 5.5 ]

Ministry of Defense is the licencing authority for defence material as defined by the Act on Export of Defence Material
3. Which Ministry or agency leads this process?

[ Article 5.5 ]

Licensing Authorities (MoD and National Police Board) accordingly
4. Does your State take measures to ensure that all authorizations are detailed and issued prior to export?

[ Article 7.5 ]

If yes, what measures does your State take to ensure that all authorizations are detailed and issued prior to export? Yes
Relevant national and EU legislation
5. Can your State reassess an authorization if your State becomes aware of new and relevant information?

[ Article 7.7 ]

Yes
5a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
6. Does your State maintain records of arms export authorizations?

[ Article 12.1 ]

Yes
6a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
7. For how many years are records maintained?

[ Articles 12.1 and 12.4 ]

Minimum of 20 years
8. What information do the records contain?

[ Article 12.3 ]

Quantity Yes
Value Yes
Model / Type Yes
Importing State Yes
End-User Yes
Other (specify below)
8a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
9. Does your State maintain records of actual arms exports?

[ Article 12.1 ]

Yes
9a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
Documents concerning actual exports are maintained
10. For how many years are records maintained?

[ Articles 12.1 and 12.4 ]

Minimum of 20 years
11. What information do the records contain?

[ Article 12.3 ]

Quantity Yes
Value Yes
Model/ Type Yes
Importing State Yes
End-User Yes
Transit/ transshipment State(s) No
Other (specify below)
12. Please provide any other information on export practices you would like to share.
1. Is the regulation of arms imports established in national legislation?

[ Article 8.2 ]

No
1a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
2. Which Ministry/ies or government agency/ies is/are responsible for regulating arms imports?

[ Article 5.5 ]

National Police Board; Local Police
3. Which Ministry or agency leads this process?

[ Article 5.5 ]

National Police Board
4. What measures does your State take to regulate imports?

[ Article 8.1 ]

Licensing, Customs control, Control of dealers
5. Does your State have measures in place to ensure that appropriate and relevant information is available to exporting States as part of their export assessment process?

[ Articles 8.1 and 11.3 ]

Yes
5a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
6. Does your State maintain records of arms imports?

[ Article 12.2 ]

Yes
6a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
7. For how many years are records maintained?

[ Articles 12.2 and 12.4 ]

Minimum of 20 years
8. What information do the records contain?

[ Article 12.3 ]

Quantity Yes
Value No
Model / type Yes
Exporting State Yes
Transit / transshipment State(s) Yes
Other (please specify below)
9. Please provide any other information on import practices you would like to share.
1. Is the regulation of transit and/or transshipment established in national legislation?

[ Article 9 ]

If yes, please provide the definition of transit and/or transshipment in your national legislation
Transit of defence material means transport, via Finland, when the exporter or importer, or both, is/are other than a European Economic Area Member State. Transport of defence material from or to Finland from or to another European Economic Area Member State is defined as transfer. Transit of material designed for civilian use means transport from a country other than an EU Member State, via Finland, to a country other than an EU Member State. Transport of material designed for civilian use from one EU Member State to another is defined as a transfer 
1a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
2. Which Ministry/ies or government agency/ies is/are responsible for regulating arms transit and/or transshipment?

[ Article 5.5 ]

National Police Board; Ministry of Defence
3. Which Ministry or agency leads this process?

[ Article 5.5 ]

Licensing authorities accordingly
4. What measures does your State take to regulate transit and/or transshipment under its jurisdiction?

[ Article 9 ]

Licensing, Customs control, Control of dealers
5. Does your State maintain records of arms that are authorized to transit and/or transship territory under its jurisdiction?

[ Articles 12.2 and 12.4 ]

Yes
5a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
6. For how many years are records maintained?

[ Article 12.4 ]

Minimum of 20 years
7. What information do the records contain?

[ Article 12.3 ]

Quantity Yes
Value
Model / Type Yes
Exporting State Yes
Importing State Yes
Transit / Transshipment Yes
End-User Yes
Other (please specify below)
7a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
8. Please provide any other information on transit and/or transshipment practices you would like to share.
1. Is the regulation of arms brokering established in national legislation?

[ Article 10 ]

If yes, please provide the definition of brokering used in your national legislation
To bring parties into contact with each other for the purpose of concluding an agreement to export defence material between countries outside the European Economic Area or to transfer defence material between countries belonging to the European Economic Area, a brokerage license is required to engage in the brokerage of defence material within the Finnish territory. Finnish citizens, Finnish corporations and foreign citizens considered permanent residents in Finland under the Municipality of Residence Act (201/1994) are required to have a brokerage license to engage in the brokerage of defence material outside the Finnish territory.
1a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
2. Which Ministry/ies or government agency/ies is/are responsible for implementing controls on arms brokering?

[ Article 5.5 ]

The Ministry of Defence
3. Which Ministry or agency leads this process?

[ Article 5.5 ]

The Ministry of Defence
4. Does your State take measures to regulate brokering taking place under your jurisdiction?

[ Article 10 ]

If yes, what measures does your State take to regulate brokering taking place under your jurisdiction?
Licensing, Control of brokering
5. Please provide any other information on brokering practices you would like to share.
1. Does your State prohibit transfers of conventional arms:

[ Article 6 ]

If the transfer would violate obligations under measures adopted by the United Nations Security Council acting under Chapter VII, in particular arms embargoes? [Article 6.1] Yes
If the transfer would violate relevant international obligations under international agreements to which you are a party, in particular those relating to the transfer of, or illicit trafficking in, conventional arms? [Article 6.2] Yes
If you have knowledge at the time of authorization that the arms or items covered by your State's legislation would be used in the commission of genocide, crimes against humanity, grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions of 1949, attacks directed against civilian objects or civilians protected as such, or other war crimes as defined by international agreements to which you are a party? [Article 6.3] Yes
1a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
2. Please provide a list of the relevant international agreements to which you are a party.

[ Articles 6.2 and 6.3 ]

  • UN arms embargoes
  • EU arms embargoes/sanctions
  • The UN Firearms Protocol
  • The OECD Document on Small Arms and Light Weapons (FSC.DOC/1/100)
  • The CWC
  • The BTWCC
  • The UN Resolution 1540/2004
  • The Global Partnership Program (GP)
  • The Ottawa Convention
  • The CCW
  • The UNPoA
  • The Arms Trade Treaty
  • Relevant EU legislation
  • The UN Charter
  • The Geneva Convention of 1949 and the three Protocols
  • Convention on the Prohibition of Genocide
  • The ICC Rome Charter with the amendment on the concept of aggression
  • EU Common Position on arms and military technology transfers (2008/944/CFSP)
3. Please provide any other information on prohibitions you would like to share.
The risk of diversion and the reliability of the end-user is always under close scrutiny in every licensing decision.
1. Does your State always conduct a risk assessment prior to authorization of an arms export?

[ Article 7.1 ]

If no, please specify under which conditions a risk assessment is not required. Yes
1a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
2. Does your State require that the following criteria are included in your national assessment prior to granting an export authorization?

[ Article 7.1 ]

Whether the arms would contribute to or undermine peace and security? Yes
Whether the arms could be used to commit or facilitate a serious violation of international humanitarian law? Yes
Whether the arms could be used to commit or facilitate a serious violation of international human rights law? Yes
Whether the arms could be used to commit or facilitate an act constituting an offence under international conventions or protocols relating to terrorism to which your State is a party? Yes
Whether the arms could be used to commit or facilitate an act constituting an offence under international conventions or protocols relating to transnational organized crime to which your State is a party? Yes
2a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
3. Are additional criteria considered in addition to the above prior to authorizing a transfer:

[ Articles 7.4 and 11.2 ]

Risk of diversion Yes
Acts of gender based violence Yes
Other (please specify below)
3a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
4. Does your State consider risk mitigation measures as part of its authorizations process?

[ Article 7.2 ]

If yes, what mitigation measures does your State consider (i.e. confidence building measures or jointly developed and agreed programs)? No
4a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
5. Please provide any other information on risk assessment and/or mitigation practices you would like to share.
1. Does your State take preventative measures to mitigate the risk of diversion?

[ Article 11.2 ]

If yes, what preventative measures does your State take to mitigate the risk of diversion? No
2. Does your State cooperate and exchange information with States to mitigate the risk of diversion?

[ Article 11.3 ]

Yes
2a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
3. Does your State take appropriate measures when it detects a diversion of transferred conventional arms?
If yes, what appropriate measures does your State take when it detects a diversion of transferred conventional arms? Yes
4. Is your State willing to share information on effective measures to address diversion?
If yes, what information is your State willing to share? Yes
1. Which agency/ies is/are responsible for enforcing arms transfer controls?

[ Article 5.5 ]

Customs, Border Control, Police (NB. deletion technical error only)
2. Which Ministry or agency leads this process?

[ Article 5.5 ]

Ministry of Interior
3. What measures does your State take to enforce national laws and regulations that implement the provisions of the Treaty?

[ Article 14 ]

Competent authorities under the national legislation
4. Please provide any other information on enforcement practices you would like to share.
1. Will your State provide an initial report within one year of entry into force on measures undertaken in order to implement the ATT?

[ Article 13.1 ]

Yes
1a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
2. Does your State produce an annual report on:

[ Article 13.3 ]

Authorized arms exports Yes
Authorized arms imports No
Actual arms exports Yes
Actual arms imports No
2a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
3. Are there legal impediments to the reporting requirements under the ATT?

[ Article 13.3 ]

Yes
3a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
4. Can your State report on measures taken to address the diversion of transferred conventional arms?

[ Article 13.2 ]

Yes
4a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
5. Has your State designated a national contact point for the ATT?

[ Article 5.6 ]

Yes
5a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
6. Please provide any other information on transparency practices you would like to share.
1. Is your State involved in cooperation measures that will help to implement the ATT?

[ Article 15.1 ]

Yes
1a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
2. Is your State currently involved in:

[ Articles 15 ]

Exchange of information on conventional arms transfers [Articles 15.2 and 15.3] No
Cooperative measures to prevent diversion [Article 15.4] No
Widest measures of assistance in investigations, prosecutions and judicial proceedings [Article 15.5] No
Measures to prevent corruption [Article 15.6] No
Development of best practices and lessons learned [Article 15.7] No
2a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
3. Does your State intend to pursue cooperation in:

[ Article 15 ]

Exchange of information on conventional arms transfers [Article 15.1, 15.2, and 15.3] Yes
Cooperative measures to prevent diversion [Article 15.4] Yes
Widest measure of assistance in investigations, prosecutions and judicial proceedings [Article 15.5] No
Measures to prevent corruption [Article 15.6] Yes
Development of best practices and lessons learned [Article 15.7] Yes
3a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
1. Does your State require assistance to implement the provisions of the Arms Trade Treaty?

[ Article 16.1 ]

No
2. Does your State require:

[ Article 16.1 ]

Legal assistance No
Legislative assistance, including model legislation No
Assistance for institution building No
Technical assistance No
Financial assistance No
Material assistance No
Stockpile management assistance No
Disarmament, demobilization, or reintegration assistance No
Assistance with effective practices for implementation No
Other (please specify below) No
3. Is your State in a position to provide assistance to other States to enable implementation of the provisions of the Arms Trade Treaty?

[ Articles 16.1, 16.2, and 16.3 ]

If yes, please answer question 4. If no, please go straight to question 5. Yes
3a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
4. Is your State in a position to provide:

[ Article 16.1 ]

Legal assistance No
Legislative assistance, including model legislation No
Assistance for institution building No
Technical assistance Yes
Financial assistance Yes
Material assistance No
Stockpile management assistance No
Disarmament, demobilization, or reintegration assistance No
Assistance with effective practices for implementation No
Other (please specify below) No
5. Please provide information on any additional needs required to implement the ATT, particularly with regard to legal, licensing, customs, awareness raising and enforcement of sanctions, reporting, and transparency

[ Articles 16.1 and 16/2 ]

6. Please provide information on any specific assistance programs that your State has provided that may help others implement the ATT, particularly with regard to legal, licensing, customs, awareness raising and enforcement of sanctions, reporting, and transparency

[ Articles 16.1 and 16.2 ]

7. Please provide information on specific assistance your State has received through the United Nations, international, regional, subregional or national organizations, non-governmental organizations, or on a bilateral basis that could be considered relevant for ATT implementation

[ Article 16.2 ]

1. Has your State already signed the Arms Trade Treaty?
Yes
2. Has your State already ratified the Arms Trade Treaty?
Yes
3. Is your State preparing to sign the Arms Trade Treaty in the next two years?
N/A
4. Is your State preparing to ratify the Arms Trade Treaty in the next two years?
N/A
5. Will/Has your State forumalted one or more reservations upon ratification?

[ Article 25.1 ]

If yes, please provide a description of your reservation(s). No
6. Please provide any other information you would like to share.