1. Does your State maintain a national system for controlling or regulating:

[ Articles 3, 4, 5.2, 8, 9, and 10 ]

Export Yes
Import Yes
Transit / Transshipment by land Yes
Transit / Transshipment by sea No
Transit / Transshipment by air Yes
Brokering Yes
2. For which activities does your State maintain a national control list of conventional arms:

[ Articles 2.2 and 5.2 ]

Export Yes
Import Yes
Transit / Transshipment Yes
Brokering Yes
3. Does your national control list cover the following:

[ Articles 2.1, 3, 4, and 5.2 ]

Battle tanks [Article 2.1] Yes
Armored combat vehicles [Article 2.1] Yes
Large-caliber artillery systems [Article 2.1] Yes
Combat aircraft [Article 2.1] Yes
Attack helicopters [Article 2.1] Yes
Warships [Article 2.1] Yes
Missiles and missile launchers [Article 2.1] Yes
Small arms and light weapons [Article 2.1] Yes
Ammunition / Munitions for the above items [Article 3] Yes
Parts and components requiring control for the above items [Article 4] Yes
4. Is/are your national control list(s) publicly available?

[ Article 5.3 ]

1) If yes, please provide a copy or link to where your control list is made publicly available 2) If no, please provide a copy of your control list or provide information on the additional items that are covered Yes
Official Gazette of the Republic of Mace...
4a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
5. Are the controlled items defined?

[ Article 5.3 ]

1) if yes, which definition(s) do you use? (e.g. Wassenaar, United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, National definitions, etc.) Yes
For conventional arms Wassenaar Arrangement list, for SALW United Nations Firearms Protocol
1. Is the control of arms exports established in national legislation?

[ Article 5.5 ]

Yes
1a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
2. Which Ministry/ies or government agency/ies is/are responsible for implementing controls on arms exports?

[ Article 5.5 ]

Ministry of Economy, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Interior, Ministry of Defense, Customs Administration
3. Which Ministry or agency leads this process?

[ Article 5.5 ]

Ministry of Economy (arms and military equipment) and Ministry of Interior (SALW)
4. Does your State take measures to ensure that all authorizations are detailed and issued prior to export?

[ Article 7.5 ]

If yes, what measures does your State take to ensure that all authorizations are detailed and issued prior to export? Yes
Procedures according to the Law on arms , Law on production and trade in arms and military equipment and bylaws
5. Can your State reassess an authorization if your State becomes aware of new and relevant information?

[ Article 7.7 ]

Yes
5a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
6. Does your State maintain records of arms export authorizations?

[ Article 12.1 ]

Yes
6a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
7. For how many years are records maintained?

[ Articles 12.1 and 12.4 ]

For arms and military equipment 10 years, for SALW 20 years
8. What information do the records contain?

[ Article 12.3 ]

Quantity Yes
Value Yes
Model / Type Yes
Importing State Yes
End-User Yes
Other (specify below) Yes
technical characteristics, serial number, military list number, fabric code, license number
8a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
9. Does your State maintain records of actual arms exports?

[ Article 12.1 ]

Yes
9a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
10. For how many years are records maintained?

[ Articles 12.1 and 12.4 ]

For arms and military equipment 10 years, for SALW 20 years
11. What information do the records contain?

[ Article 12.3 ]

Quantity Yes
Value Yes
Model/ Type Yes
Importing State Yes
End-User Yes
Transit/ transshipment State(s) Yes
Other (specify below) Yes
technical characteristics, serial number, military list number, factory code, license number
12. Please provide any other information on export practices you would like to share.
1. Is the regulation of arms imports established in national legislation?

[ Article 8.2 ]

Yes
1a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
2. Which Ministry/ies or government agency/ies is/are responsible for regulating arms imports?

[ Article 5.5 ]

Ministry of Economy, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Interior, Ministry of Defense, Customs Administration
3. Which Ministry or agency leads this process?

[ Article 5.5 ]

Ministry of Economy (arms and military equipment) and Ministry of Interior (SALW)
4. What measures does your State take to regulate imports?

[ Article 8.1 ]

Measures foreseen under the Law on arms , Law on production and trade in arms and military equipment and bylaws
5. Does your State have measures in place to ensure that appropriate and relevant information is available to exporting States as part of their export assessment process?

[ Articles 8.1 and 11.3 ]

Yes
5a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
6. Does your State maintain records of arms imports?

[ Article 12.2 ]

Yes
6a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
7. For how many years are records maintained?

[ Articles 12.2 and 12.4 ]

For arms and military equipment 10 years, for SALW 20 years
8. What information do the records contain?

[ Article 12.3 ]

Quantity Yes
Value Yes
Model / type Yes
Exporting State Yes
Transit / transshipment State(s) Yes
Other (please specify below) Yes
technical characteristics, serial number, military list number, factory code, license number
9. Please provide any other information on import practices you would like to share.
1. Is the regulation of transit and/or transshipment established in national legislation?

[ Article 9 ]

If yes, please provide the definition of transit and/or transshipment in your national legislation Yes
“The Law on production and trade of arms and military equipment” Article 4a:
  • Transport (transfer) of AME shall mean import, export and transit of previously agreed quantities of AME in-between trading companies that have met the conditions referred to in Article 23 of this Law and trading companies in other countries, abroad and on the territory of the Republic of Macedonia.
  • Transport (transfer) of AME also implies transfer of software or technology through electronic media, faxes, telephones, electronic mail or other electronic means outside the territory of the Republic of Macedonia, and relates to the electronic access to software and technology by legal and natural persons outside the territory of the Republic of Macedonia and verbal transfer of technology by phone, if the technology is contained in a document whose important portion has been read out loud or described over the phone.
“The Law on weapons” Article 55
  • “Transferring weapons, ammunition and weapons components, in regards to this Law, shall mean any activity taken during the import, export and transit of any previously agreed quantity of weapons, ammunition and weapons components, between the companies referred to in Article 46, paragraph 1 and Article 52, paragraph 1 of this Law and companies from other countries. (Official Gazette of the Republic of Macedonia n. 119 /2013)
1a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
Only transit
2. Which Ministry/ies or government agency/ies is/are responsible for regulating arms transit and/or transshipment?

[ Article 5.5 ]

Ministry of Economy, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Interior, Ministry of Defense, Customs Administration
3. Which Ministry or agency leads this process?

[ Article 5.5 ]

Ministry of Economy (arms and military equipment) and Ministry of Interior (SALW)
4. What measures does your State take to regulate transit and/or transshipment under its jurisdiction?

[ Article 9 ]

Procedure according to the Law on arms, Law on production and trade of arms and military equipment and bylaws
5. Does your State maintain records of arms that are authorized to transit and/or transship territory under its jurisdiction?

[ Articles 12.2 and 12.4 ]

Yes
5a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
6. For how many years are records maintained?

[ Article 12.4 ]

For arms and military equipment 10 years, for SALW 20 years
7. What information do the records contain?

[ Article 12.3 ]

Quantity Yes
Value Yes
Model / Type Yes
Exporting State Yes
Importing State Yes
Transit / Transshipment Yes
End-User Yes
Other (please specify below) Yes
technical characteristics, serial number, military list number, factory code, license number
7a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
8. Please provide any other information on transit and/or transshipment practices you would like to share.
1. Is the regulation of arms brokering established in national legislation?

[ Article 10 ]

If yes, please provide the definition of brokering used in your national legislation Yes
“ The Law on production and trade of arms and military equipment” Article 4b
  • Mediation (hereinafter in the text of the Law: Brokering services) refers to negotiations or arrangements for buying transactions, sales or purchase of AME products from one to any other country, as well as to sales or purchase of AME products located in one country and their transfer to any other country. For the purpose of this Law, the additional services, such as transport, financial services, insurance and reinsurance, advertizing and marketing shall not be considered as brokering services.
  • Mediators (hereinafter: Broker) refers to trade companies or individuals performing brokering services as referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article, who meet the conditions stipulated in Article 23 of this Law.
“The Law on weapons” Article 3
  • \\\"Firearms intermediary” shall mean a natural person – individual tradesman or company, which is partially or entirely involved in mediation, i.e. negotiations for purchase, sales or transport of firearms, which differs from the activities of the companies referred to in Article 52, paragraph 1 of The Law on Changes and Amendments to the Law on Weapons (Official Gazette of the Republic of Macedonia n. 119/2013)
1a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
2. Which Ministry/ies or government agency/ies is/are responsible for implementing controls on arms brokering?

[ Article 5.5 ]

Ministry of Economy, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Interior, Ministry of Defense, Customs Administration
3. Which Ministry or agency leads this process?

[ Article 5.5 ]

Ministry of Economy (arms and military equipment) and Ministry of Interior (SALW)
4. Does your State take measures to regulate brokering taking place under your jurisdiction?

[ Article 10 ]

If yes, what measures does your State take to regulate brokering taking place under your jurisdiction? Yes
Procedures according to the Law on arms, Law on production and trade of arms and military equipment and bylaws
5. Please provide any other information on brokering practices you would like to share.
1. Does your State prohibit transfers of conventional arms:

[ Article 6 ]

If the transfer would violate obligations under measures adopted by the United Nations Security Council acting under Chapter VII, in particular arms embargoes? [Article 6.1] Yes
If the transfer would violate relevant international obligations under international agreements to which you are a party, in particular those relating to the transfer of, or illicit trafficking in, conventional arms? [Article 6.2] Yes
If you have knowledge at the time of authorization that the arms or items covered by your State's legislation would be used in the commission of genocide, crimes against humanity, grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions of 1949, attacks directed against civilian objects or civilians protected as such, or other war crimes as defined by international agreements to which you are a party? [Article 6.3] Yes
1a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
2. Please provide a list of the relevant international agreements to which you are a party.

[ Articles 6.2 and 6.3 ]

  • UN Firearms Protocol
  • UN Arms Trade Treaty
  • United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime
  • EU Common position 2003/468/CFSP on the Control of Arms Brokering
  • EU Council Common Position 2008/944/CFSP of 8 December 2008 defining common rules governing control of exports of military technology and equipment
  • The Convention on Cluster Munitions
  • Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons
  • Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons which may be deemed to be Excessively Injurious or to have Indiscriminate Effects (with Protocols I, II and III)
  • Protocol on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the use of mines, booby-traps and other devices as amended on 3 may 1996 ( Protokol II as amended on 3 may 1996)
  • Customs Convention on the International Transport of Goods under Cover of TIR Carnets (TIR Convention)
  • International Convention on the Harmonization of Frontier Controls of Goods
  • Convention on the Contract for the International Carriage of Goods by Road (CMR)
  • Protocol to the Convention on the Contract for the International Carriage of Goods by Road (CMR)
  • Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide,1948
  • Convention on the non-applicability of statutory limitations to war crimes and crimes against humanity
  • International Convention for the Suppression of Terrorist Bombings
  • Convention (IV) relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War
  • European Convention for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (ETS 126)
  • Protocol No. 1 to the European Convention for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (ETS 151)
  • Protocol No. 2 to the European Convention for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (ETS 152)
  • Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and relating to the Protection of Victims of International Armed Conflicts (Protocol I)
  • Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and relating to the Protection of Victims of Non-International Armed Conflicts (Protocol II)
  • Convention against Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CAT), 1984
  • Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflicts, 2000
  • Geneva Convention No. 1 for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded and Sick in Armed Forces in the Field, 1949, Geneva,
  • Geneva Convention No. 2 for the Amelioration of the Condition of Wounded, Sick and Shipwrecked Members of Armed Forces at Sea, 1949, Geneva
  • Geneva Convention No. 3 relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War, 1949, Geneva
  • Geneva Convention No. 4 relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, 1949, Geneva
  • Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and relating to the Protection of Victims of International Armed Conflicts (Protocol I), 1977, Geneva
  • Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and relating to the Protection of Victims of Non-International Armed Conflicts (Protocol II), 1977, Geneva
3. Please provide any other information on prohibitions you would like to share.
1. Does your State always conduct a risk assessment prior to authorization of an arms export?

[ Article 7.1 ]

If no, please specify under which conditions a risk assessment is not required. Yes
1a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
2. Does your State require that the following criteria are included in your national assessment prior to granting an export authorization?

[ Article 7.1 ]

Whether the arms would contribute to or undermine peace and security? Yes
Whether the arms could be used to commit or facilitate a serious violation of international humanitarian law? Yes
Whether the arms could be used to commit or facilitate a serious violation of international human rights law? Yes
Whether the arms could be used to commit or facilitate an act constituting an offence under international conventions or protocols relating to terrorism to which your State is a party? Yes
Whether the arms could be used to commit or facilitate an act constituting an offence under international conventions or protocols relating to transnational organized crime to which your State is a party? Yes
2a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
3. Are additional criteria considered in addition to the above prior to authorizing a transfer:

[ Articles 7.4 and 11.2 ]

Risk of diversion Yes
Acts of gender based violence Yes
Other (please specify below) Yes
The Law on production and trade of arms and military equipment Article 31 h The Ministry of Economy shall reject the application for an export-import, transit or brokering license when it believes that the export-import, transit or brokering service related to AME products may cause negative consequences due to:
  • threats to the duty of meeting certain international obligations of the Republic of Macedonia;
  • threats to the security or defense interests of the Republic of Macedonia;
  • threats to any foreign-policy or economic interests of the Republic of Macedonia or anything that might be contrary to such interests;
  • possibilities of a breakout or continuation of armed conflicts in the country, which is the end user of the AME products;
  • possibilities for the arms and military equipment to be used for domestic repression in the country, which is the end user of the specific AME products;
  • the intended end use and possible risk of abuse; and
  • drawn conclusion that the effects of the AME products do not correspond with the indicated data in the application filed with the Ministry or if the exporter or producer, upon request by the Ministry, did not provide for inspection of the AME products or the accompanying documentation.
3a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
Committee for review of applications for export and import licenses, transit, brokering services and offset shall perform following duties:
  • review all applications for licensing for export and import, transit, brokering services and offset of AME and providing an opinion on all applications received;
  • raise initiatives to regulate issues related to the export and import, transit, brokering services and offset of AME, with this law or other regulations in the defence field;
  • establishment of cooperation with other competent international institutions and bodies responsible for the same issues that are under its competence; and
  • application of the “Common military list of the EU” and observance of the restrictive measures in accordance with the Law on Restrictive Measures. (The Law on production and trade of arms and military equipment, Article 31 )
Acts of gender based violence are considered indirectly.
4. Does your State consider risk mitigation measures as part of its authorizations process?

[ Article 7.2 ]

If yes, what mitigation measures does your State consider (i.e. confidence building measures or jointly developed and agreed programs)? No
4a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
5. Please provide any other information on risk assessment and/or mitigation practices you would like to share.
1. Does your State take preventative measures to mitigate the risk of diversion?

[ Article 11.2 ]

If yes, what preventative measures does your State take to mitigate the risk of diversion? Yes
Information exchange
2. Does your State cooperate and exchange information with States to mitigate the risk of diversion?

[ Article 11.3 ]

Yes
2a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
3. Does your State take appropriate measures when it detects a diversion of transferred conventional arms?
If yes, what appropriate measures does your State take when it detects a diversion of transferred conventional arms? Yes
Information exchange; checking of licenses issued, if on our territory - stopping the shipment
4. Is your State willing to share information on effective measures to address diversion?
If yes, what information is your State willing to share? Yes
1. Which agency/ies is/are responsible for enforcing arms transfer controls?

[ Article 5.5 ]

Customs Administration and Ministry of Interior- Border police
2. Which Ministry or agency leads this process?

[ Article 5.5 ]

Ministry of Economy is responsible for enforcing arms and military equipment transport controls while Ministry of Interior is responsible for enforcing SALW transport controls .
3. What measures does your State take to enforce national laws and regulations that implement the provisions of the Treaty?

[ Article 14 ]

Pursuant to Article 118 of the Constitution of Republic of Macedonia, international agreements ratified in accordance with the Constitution are a part of the internal legal order and cannot be changed by law The Republic of Macedonia has established a national control mechanism as an arms non-producing country and pursues the obligation of strengthening the system already in place. In this respect, the following measures and activities have been undertaken:
  • Harmonization of the national legislation with the ATT provisions: The Law on Production and Trade in Arms and Military Equipment (Official Gazette of the Republic of Macedonia No. 41/2014) has been amended. The amended Law defines terms such as arms transfer, brokering, arms and military equipment, trade offset;
  • The competence of license issuance has been transferred from the Ministry of Defence to the Ministry of Economy;
  • The Government has established a special Commission tasked with considering applications for issuance of export and import licenses, licenses for transfer, brokering and arms and military equipment trade offset.
  • The next step is to harmonize the definition of small arms and light weapons in the Law on Arms and in the Law on Production and Trade in Arms and Military Equipment.
4. Please provide any other information on enforcement practices you would like to share.
1. Will your State provide an initial report within one year of entry into force on measures undertaken in order to implement the ATT?

[ Article 13.1 ]

Yes
1a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
2. Does your State produce an annual report on:

[ Article 13.3 ]

Authorized arms exports Yes
Authorized arms imports Yes
Actual arms exports Yes
Actual arms imports Yes
2a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
3. Are there legal impediments to the reporting requirements under the ATT?

[ Article 13.3 ]

No
3a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
4. Can your State report on measures taken to address the diversion of transferred conventional arms?

[ Article 13.2 ]

Yes
4a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
5. Has your State designated a national contact point for the ATT?

[ Article 5.6 ]

No
5a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
6. Please provide any other information on transparency practices you would like to share.
1. Is your State involved in cooperation measures that will help to implement the ATT?

[ Article 15.1 ]

Yes
1a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
2. Is your State currently involved in:

[ Articles 15 ]

Exchange of information on conventional arms transfers [Articles 15.2 and 15.3] Yes
Cooperative measures to prevent diversion [Article 15.4] No
Widest measures of assistance in investigations, prosecutions and judicial proceedings [Article 15.5] Yes
Measures to prevent corruption [Article 15.6] Yes
Development of best practices and lessons learned [Article 15.7] No
2a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
3. Does your State intend to pursue cooperation in:

[ Article 15 ]

Exchange of information on conventional arms transfers [Article 15.1, 15.2, and 15.3] Yes
Cooperative measures to prevent diversion [Article 15.4] Yes
Widest measure of assistance in investigations, prosecutions and judicial proceedings [Article 15.5] Yes
Measures to prevent corruption [Article 15.6] Yes
Development of best practices and lessons learned [Article 15.7] Yes
3a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
1. Does your State require assistance to implement the provisions of the Arms Trade Treaty?

[ Article 16.1 ]

Yes
2. Does your State require:

[ Article 16.1 ]

Legal assistance Yes
Legislative assistance, including model legislation No
Assistance for institution building Yes
Technical assistance No
Financial assistance No
Material assistance No
Stockpile management assistance Yes
Disarmament, demobilization, or reintegration assistance No
Assistance with effective practices for implementation No
Other (please specify below) No
3. Is your State in a position to provide assistance to other States to enable implementation of the provisions of the Arms Trade Treaty?

[ Articles 16.1, 16.2, and 16.3 ]

If yes, please answer question 4. If no, please go straight to question 5. No
3a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
4. Is your State in a position to provide:

[ Article 16.1 ]

Legal assistance
Legislative assistance, including model legislation
Assistance for institution building
Technical assistance
Financial assistance
Material assistance
Stockpile management assistance
Disarmament, demobilization, or reintegration assistance
Assistance with effective practices for implementation
Other (please specify below)
5. Please provide information on any additional needs required to implement the ATT, particularly with regard to legal, licensing, customs, awareness raising and enforcement of sanctions, reporting, and transparency

[ Articles 16.1 and 16/2 ]

6. Please provide information on any specific assistance programs that your State has provided that may help others implement the ATT, particularly with regard to legal, licensing, customs, awareness raising and enforcement of sanctions, reporting, and transparency

[ Articles 16.1 and 16.2 ]

7. Please provide information on specific assistance your State has received through the United Nations, international, regional, subregional or national organizations, non-governmental organizations, or on a bilateral basis that could be considered relevant for ATT implementation

[ Article 16.2 ]

  • Participation at the Regional Workshop in COARM (26th -28th May 2014, Tirana, Albania)
  • Participation at 11th Regional Arms Exports Information exchange process meeting (19 June 2014, Budva, Montenegro)
  • Participation at Professional Training Course on the Implementation of the Arms Trade Treaty organized by GCSP (6th -12th October 2014, Geneva, Switzerland)
  • Participation at 13th Regional Arms Exports Information exchange process meeting (11th March 2015, Tirana, Albania)
1. Has your State already signed the Arms Trade Treaty?
Yes
2. Has your State already ratified the Arms Trade Treaty?
Yes
3. Is your State preparing to sign the Arms Trade Treaty in the next two years?
No
4. Is your State preparing to ratify the Arms Trade Treaty in the next two years?
No
5. Will/Has your State forumalted one or more reservations upon ratification?

[ Article 25.1 ]

If yes, please provide a description of your reservation(s). No
6. Please provide any other information you would like to share.