1. Does your State maintain a national system for controlling or regulating:

[ Articles 3, 4, 5.2, 8, 9, and 10 ]

Export Yes
Import Yes
Transit / Transshipment by land Yes
Transit / Transshipment by sea Yes
Transit / Transshipment by air Yes
Brokering Yes
2. For which activities does your State maintain a national control list of conventional arms:

[ Articles 2.2 and 5.2 ]

Export Yes
Import Yes
Transit / Transshipment Yes
Brokering Yes
3. Does your national control list cover the following:

[ Articles 2.1, 3, 4, and 5.2 ]

Battle tanks [Article 2.1] Yes
Armored combat vehicles [Article 2.1] Yes
Large-caliber artillery systems [Article 2.1] Yes
Combat aircraft [Article 2.1] Yes
Attack helicopters [Article 2.1] Yes
Warships [Article 2.1] Yes
Missiles and missile launchers [Article 2.1] Yes
Small arms and light weapons [Article 2.1] Yes
Ammunition / Munitions for the above items [Article 3] Yes
Parts and components requiring control for the above items [Article 4] Yes
4. Is/are your national control list(s) publicly available?

[ Article 5.3 ]

1) If yes, please provide a copy or link to where your control list is made publicly available 2) If no, please provide a copy of your control list or provide information on the additional items that are covered Yes
http://goo.gl/frtNCn
4a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
  • Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives and its amendments http://goo.gl/sfVjrj
  • Directive that establishes the classification and codification of items which import and export is subject to regulation by the Ministry of the National Defense http://goo.gl/frtNCn
  • Directive by which the exportation of conventional weapons, their parts and components, dual-use goods, software and technologies susceptible of diversion for the manufacture and proliferation of conventional weapons and weapons of mass destruction requires a previous export license issued by the Ministry of Economy http://goo.gl/2vqEWX
5. Are the controlled items defined?

[ Article 5.3 ]

1) if yes, which definition(s) do you use? (e.g. Wassenaar, United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, National definitions, etc.) Yes
Mexico uses the definitions employed by both the Wassenaar Arrangement and the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms.
1. Is the control of arms exports established in national legislation?

[ Article 5.5 ]

Yes
1a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
  • Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives and its amendments, Section III, Chapter III, Articles 56-59 http://goo.gl/sfVjrj
  • Directive that establishes the classification and codification of items which import and export is subject to regulation by the Ministry of the National Defense http://goo.gl/frtNCn
  • Directive by which the exportation of conventional weapons, their parts and components, dual-use goods, software and technologies susceptible of diversion for the manufacture and proliferation of conventional weapons and weapons of mass destruction requires a previous export license issued by the Ministry of Economy http://goo.gl/2vqEWX
2. Which Ministry/ies or government agency/ies is/are responsible for implementing controls on arms exports?

[ Article 5.5 ]

Ministry of the National Defense; Ministry of Economy; Ministry of the Interior; Ministry of the Navy; the Attorney General\'s Office; National Security Commission; Customs Office
3. Which Ministry or agency leads this process?

[ Article 5.5 ]

Ministry of the National Defense
4. Does your State take measures to ensure that all authorizations are detailed and issued prior to export?

[ Article 7.5 ]

If yes, what measures does your State take to ensure that all authorizations are detailed and issued prior to export? Yes
Among the main measures taken by Mexican authorities as part of the operative process prior to the authorization of an arms export are: i) a risk assessment, ii) an evaluation of the technical characteristics of the items, and iii) an assessment of the end-use/user and country of destination. Also, the determination of the convenience of the issuance of the submitted export license request requires a substantive amount of procedural coordination and technical consultations with relevant governmental agencies (abovementioned) involved in the process, depending on the nature and on the submitted end-use/user and country of destination of the transfer. Additionally, the Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, in its Article 55, establishes that in order to issue arms exporting permits of the arms, objects and materials covered by said law, exporters must notify the Ministry of the National Defense that they already have the corresponding importing permit issued by the destination country’s government.
5. Can your State reassess an authorization if your State becomes aware of new and relevant information?

[ Article 7.7 ]

Yes
5a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
Established in the Directive, Provision 16 (f) http://goo.gl/2vqEWX
6. Does your State maintain records of arms export authorizations?

[ Article 12.1 ]

Yes
6a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
7. For how many years are records maintained?

[ Articles 12.1 and 12.4 ]

5 years
8. What information do the records contain?

[ Article 12.3 ]

Quantity Yes
Value Yes
Model / Type Yes
Importing State Yes
End-User Yes
Other (specify below) Yes
Date of transaction and markings applied (the latter in the case of SALW transfers)
8a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
9. Does your State maintain records of actual arms exports?

[ Article 12.1 ]

Yes
9a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
10. For how many years are records maintained?

[ Articles 12.1 and 12.4 ]

5 years
11. What information do the records contain?

[ Article 12.3 ]

Quantity Yes
Value Yes
Model/ Type Yes
Importing State Yes
End-User Yes
Transit/ transshipment State(s) Yes
Other (specify below) Yes
Date of transaction and markings applied (the latter in the case of SALW transfers)
12. Please provide any other information on export practices you would like to share.
1. Is the regulation of arms imports established in national legislation?

[ Article 8.2 ]

Yes
1a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
  • Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives and its amendments, Section III, Chapter III, Articles 56-59 http://goo.gl/sfVjrj
  • Directive that establishes the classification and codification of items which import and export is subject to regulation by the Ministry of the National Defense http://goo.gl/frtNCn
2. Which Ministry/ies or government agency/ies is/are responsible for regulating arms imports?

[ Article 5.5 ]

Ministry of the National Defense
3. Which Ministry or agency leads this process?

[ Article 5.5 ]

Ministry of the National Defense
4. What measures does your State take to regulate imports?

[ Article 8.1 ]

  • The Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, in its Article 56 establishes that the arms, objects and materials covered by this Law that are imported under the ordinary and extraordinary permits must be destined to the use which is established in those permits. Any modification, change or transformation requires a new permit. http://goo.gl/sfVjrj
  • The Directive that establishes the classification and codification of items which import and export is subject to regulation by the Ministry of the National Defense also contributes to the national regulations http://goo.gl/frtNCn
5. Does your State have measures in place to ensure that appropriate and relevant information is available to exporting States as part of their export assessment process?

[ Articles 8.1 and 11.3 ]

Yes
5a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
Mexico fully complies with all the requisites, including end-user documentation, requested by exporting States prior to the transfer.
6. Does your State maintain records of arms imports?

[ Article 12.2 ]

Yes
6a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
7. For how many years are records maintained?

[ Articles 12.2 and 12.4 ]

5 years
8. What information do the records contain?

[ Article 12.3 ]

Quantity Yes
Value Yes
Model / type Yes
Exporting State Yes
Transit / transshipment State(s) Yes
Other (please specify below) Yes
Date of transaction and markings applied (the latter in the case of SALW transfers)
9. Please provide any other information on import practices you would like to share.
1. Is the regulation of transit and/or transshipment established in national legislation?

[ Article 9 ]

If yes, please provide the definition of transit and/or transshipment in your national legislation Yes
  • Transit: The passage of regulated items through Mexican territory without them being unloaded in the national territory (as established in the Directive, Provision 3-XXIII).
  • Transshipment: The unloading or change of transport of the items contained in Annexes I, II, and III of this Directive between the initial loading point and the final destination of those goods (as established in the Directive, Provision 3-XXII
1a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
It is covered by the Directive, Provision 3, OP. XI, XXII and XXIII http://goo.gl/2vqEWX
2. Which Ministry/ies or government agency/ies is/are responsible for regulating arms transit and/or transshipment?

[ Article 5.5 ]

Ministry of the National Defense & Ministry of Economy
3. Which Ministry or agency leads this process?

[ Article 5.5 ]

Ministry of the National Defense
4. What measures does your State take to regulate transit and/or transshipment under its jurisdiction?

[ Article 9 ]

Mexico does not have specific measures established that regulate transit and/or transshipment under its jurisdiction.
5. Does your State maintain records of arms that are authorized to transit and/or transship territory under its jurisdiction?

[ Articles 12.2 and 12.4 ]

No
5a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
6. For how many years are records maintained?

[ Article 12.4 ]

7. What information do the records contain?

[ Article 12.3 ]

Quantity No
Value No
Model / Type No
Exporting State No
Importing State No
Transit / Transshipment No
End-User No
Other (please specify below) No
7a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
8. Please provide any other information on transit and/or transshipment practices you would like to share.
1. Is the regulation of arms brokering established in national legislation?

[ Article 10 ]

If yes, please provide the definition of brokering used in your national legislation Yes
Brokering: the negotiation or organization of transactions for the purchase, sale or supply of regulates items from one third country to any other third country, or the sale or purchase of regulated items located in third countries exclusively (as established in the Directive, Provision 3-VI) http://goo.gl/2vqEWX
1a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
Currently, Mexico does not have a specific national law that governs brokering, since brokering is not regulated as a specific activity. However, the existing national measures provide a solid framework for the regulation and implementation of arms export controls that encompass brokering. The Directive, Provision 3, Operational Paragraphs 3, section VI and VII, and 10, clause g. http://goo.gl/2vqEWX
2. Which Ministry/ies or government agency/ies is/are responsible for implementing controls on arms brokering?

[ Article 5.5 ]

Ministry of the National Defense & Ministry of Economy
3. Which Ministry or agency leads this process?

[ Article 5.5 ]

Ministry of the National Defense
4. Does your State take measures to regulate brokering taking place under your jurisdiction?

[ Article 10 ]

If yes, what measures does your State take to regulate brokering taking place under your jurisdiction? Yes
The Provision 10 (g) of the Directive indicates that if a broker intervenes in the export process, the exporter must provide additional information such as: location of controlled items; contact details of the broker; legal activities; license granted by a country member of export control regimes to carry out the transfer; circumstances under which the brokering activity is carried out. http://goo.gl/2vqEWX
5. Please provide any other information on brokering practices you would like to share.
1. Does your State prohibit transfers of conventional arms:

[ Article 6 ]

If the transfer would violate obligations under measures adopted by the United Nations Security Council acting under Chapter VII, in particular arms embargoes? [Article 6.1] Yes
If the transfer would violate relevant international obligations under international agreements to which you are a party, in particular those relating to the transfer of, or illicit trafficking in, conventional arms? [Article 6.2] Yes
If you have knowledge at the time of authorization that the arms or items covered by your State's legislation would be used in the commission of genocide, crimes against humanity, grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions of 1949, attacks directed against civilian objects or civilians protected as such, or other war crimes as defined by international agreements to which you are a party? [Article 6.3] Yes
1a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
2. Please provide a list of the relevant international agreements to which you are a party.

[ Articles 6.2 and 6.3 ]

  • The Convention of Certain Conventional Weapons (CCW)
  • Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and other related Materials (CIFTA)
  • Convention on the Prohibition, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on their Destruction
  • UN Instrument for Reporting Military Expenditures
  • Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, their Parts and Components and Ammunition.
  • United Nations Conventional Arms Register
  • United Nations Program of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in all its aspects (PoA)
  • The Convention on Cluster Munitions
  • Inter-American Convention on Transparency in Conventional Weapons Acquisitions (CITAAC)
  • Wassenaar Arrangement
  • United Nations Arms Trade Treaty
3. Please provide any other information on prohibitions you would like to share.
1. Does your State always conduct a risk assessment prior to authorization of an arms export?

[ Article 7.1 ]

If no, please specify under which conditions a risk assessment is not required. Yes
1a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
The respective authorities assess the submitted export licenses requests and comment and determine on the convenience of their issuance. This operative process is carried out prior to the authorization of an arms export and includes: i) a risk assessment, ii) an evaluation of the technical characteristics of the items, and iii) an assessment of the end-use/user and country of destination. Established on the Directive, Provisions 18 and 19-I. http://goo.gl/2vqEWX
2. Does your State require that the following criteria are included in your national assessment prior to granting an export authorization?

[ Article 7.1 ]

Whether the arms would contribute to or undermine peace and security? Yes
Whether the arms could be used to commit or facilitate a serious violation of international humanitarian law? Yes
Whether the arms could be used to commit or facilitate a serious violation of international human rights law? Yes
Whether the arms could be used to commit or facilitate an act constituting an offence under international conventions or protocols relating to terrorism to which your State is a party? Yes
Whether the arms could be used to commit or facilitate an act constituting an offence under international conventions or protocols relating to transnational organized crime to which your State is a party? Yes
2a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
Established in the Directive, Provision 6-I, II, and 15 http://goo.gl/2vqEWX
3. Are additional criteria considered in addition to the above prior to authorizing a transfer:

[ Articles 7.4 and 11.2 ]

Risk of diversion Yes
Acts of gender based violence Yes
Other (please specify below) No
3a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
Established in the Directive, Provision 6-I, II, and 15 http://goo.gl/2vqEWX
4. Does your State consider risk mitigation measures as part of its authorizations process?

[ Article 7.2 ]

If yes, what mitigation measures does your State consider (i.e. confidence building measures or jointly developed and agreed programs)? Yes
Mexico actively promotes the implementation of risk mitigation measures, particularly, confidence building measures such as extensive information sharing, observation and verification measures, higher levels of transparency and extensive cooperation, in order to significantly reduce the risk of diversion and increase trust and accountability in all our arms transfers.
4a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
5. Please provide any other information on risk assessment and/or mitigation practices you would like to share.
1. Does your State take preventative measures to mitigate the risk of diversion?

[ Article 11.2 ]

If yes, what preventative measures does your State take to mitigate the risk of diversion? Yes
Established in the Directive, Provision 6-I, II, and 15 http://goo.gl/2vqEWX
2. Does your State cooperate and exchange information with States to mitigate the risk of diversion?

[ Article 11.3 ]

Yes
2a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
3. Does your State take appropriate measures when it detects a diversion of transferred conventional arms?
If yes, what appropriate measures does your State take when it detects a diversion of transferred conventional arms? Yes
If a diversion of transferred conventional arms is detected, the granted license will be cancelled, as well as in case that alterations, omission, or false data are detected in the End Use Statement or the export licence request, or if it is proven that the regulated item was not exported to the final destination. Also, if an exporter learns that the conventional weapons, its parts and components intended for exportation may be subject to diversion, the exporter shall consult the Ministry of Economy so that it evaluates the and decides over Fraction I of this Article. In such case, the Ministry of Economy will analyse whether to require a previous export license for the consulted items. Established in the Directive, Provision 6-I, II, 15 and 16-d. http://goo.gl/2vqEWX
4. Is your State willing to share information on effective measures to address diversion?
If yes, what information is your State willing to share? Yes
All measures taken by the Mexican Government to address and prevent diversion are established in the Directive, Provision 6-I, II, and 15 http://goo.gl/2vqEWX
1. Which agency/ies is/are responsible for enforcing arms transfer controls?

[ Article 5.5 ]

Ministry of the National Defense; Ministry of Economy; Ministry of the Interior; Ministry of the Navy; The Attorney General\'s Office; National Security Commission; Customs Office
2. Which Ministry or agency leads this process?

[ Article 5.5 ]

Ministry of National Defense
3. What measures does your State take to enforce national laws and regulations that implement the provisions of the Treaty?

[ Article 14 ]

Mexico fully complies with the dispositions contained in its Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives and in both Directives (2007 and 2011), which constitute the national legislation framework that regulates the country’s conventional arms transfers and covers the provisions of the Treaty.
  • http://goo.gl/sfVjrj
  • http://goo.gl/frtNCn
  • http://goo.gl/2vqEWX
4. Please provide any other information on enforcement practices you would like to share.
1. Will your State provide an initial report within one year of entry into force on measures undertaken in order to implement the ATT?

[ Article 13.1 ]

Yes
1a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
During the First Preparatory Meeting towards the First Conference of States Parties, held in Port of Spain (23-24 February 2015), it was decided, as an exceptional measure that should not set a precedent, that the first annual report of authorized exports and imports of conventional arms covered under article 2(1), should cover the first calendar year after the Treaty’s entry into force, i.e. 2015, with a submission deadline on 31 May 2016.
2. Does your State produce an annual report on:

[ Article 13.3 ]

Authorized arms exports Yes
Authorized arms imports Yes
Actual arms exports Yes
Actual arms imports Yes
2a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
  • Mexico annually reports to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms all authorized arms exports, all authorized arms imports; all actual arms exports, and all actual arms imports http://goo.gl/opBOkL
  • Also, as part of its obligations as a Participant State of the Wassenaar Arrangement, Mexico notifies all conventional arms exports twice a year.
3. Are there legal impediments to the reporting requirements under the ATT?

[ Article 13.3 ]

No
3a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
4. Can your State report on measures taken to address the diversion of transferred conventional arms?

[ Article 13.2 ]

Yes
4a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
5. Has your State designated a national contact point for the ATT?

[ Article 5.6 ]

No
5a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
6. Please provide any other information on transparency practices you would like to share.
1. Is your State involved in cooperation measures that will help to implement the ATT?

[ Article 15.1 ]

Yes
1a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
Mexico has collaborated with the United Nations Regional Center for Peace, Disarmament and Development in Latin-American and the Caribbean (UNLIREC), in the design of mechanisms (seminars/workshops) that seek to promote the ATT and aide countries in the region to successfully implement it. Also, Mexico has cooperated with the Government of New Zealand in the drafting of ATT Model Legislation designed to assist Pacific Island Countries with their national implementation process, in view of later on applying a similar Model Legislation with Caribbean States.
2. Is your State currently involved in:

[ Articles 15 ]

Exchange of information on conventional arms transfers [Articles 15.2 and 15.3] Yes
Cooperative measures to prevent diversion [Article 15.4] Yes
Widest measures of assistance in investigations, prosecutions and judicial proceedings [Article 15.5] No
Measures to prevent corruption [Article 15.6] Yes
Development of best practices and lessons learned [Article 15.7] Yes
2a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
  • As a State party to all major conventional arms international instruments, such as the United Nations Program of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in all its aspects (PoA) and the United Nations Conventional Arms Register, and as a member of the Wassenaar Arrangement, Mexico exchanges information on conventional arms within the framework of these instruments and regime.
  • As a party of the United Nations Convention against Corruption, and with strong domestic transparency laws, Mexico takes appropriate measures to prevent corruption.
3. Does your State intend to pursue cooperation in:

[ Article 15 ]

Exchange of information on conventional arms transfers [Article 15.1, 15.2, and 15.3] Yes
Cooperative measures to prevent diversion [Article 15.4] Yes
Widest measure of assistance in investigations, prosecutions and judicial proceedings [Article 15.5] No
Measures to prevent corruption [Article 15.6] Yes
Development of best practices and lessons learned [Article 15.7] Yes
3a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
  • As a State party to all major conventional arms international instruments, such as the United Nations Program of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in all its aspects (PoA) and the United Nations Conventional Arms Register, as a member of the Wassenaar Arrangement, and as a country with a strong export control system, Mexico will continue to engage in cooperative measures to prevent diversion of conventional arms within the framework of these instruments and regime.
  • As a party of the United Nations Convention against Corruption, and with strong domestic transparency laws, Mexico will continue to take appropriate measures to prevent corruption.
1. Does your State require assistance to implement the provisions of the Arms Trade Treaty?

[ Article 16.1 ]

No
2. Does your State require:

[ Article 16.1 ]

Legal assistance No
Legislative assistance, including model legislation No
Assistance for institution building No
Technical assistance No
Financial assistance No
Material assistance No
Stockpile management assistance No
Disarmament, demobilization, or reintegration assistance No
Assistance with effective practices for implementation No
Other (please specify below) No
3. Is your State in a position to provide assistance to other States to enable implementation of the provisions of the Arms Trade Treaty?

[ Articles 16.1, 16.2, and 16.3 ]

If yes, please answer question 4. If no, please go straight to question 5. Yes
3a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
4. Is your State in a position to provide:

[ Article 16.1 ]

Legal assistance Yes
Legislative assistance, including model legislation Yes
Assistance for institution building No
Technical assistance No
Financial assistance No
Material assistance No
Stockpile management assistance No
Disarmament, demobilization, or reintegration assistance No
Assistance with effective practices for implementation Yes
Other (please specify below) No
  • The collaboration that Mexico sustains with UNLIREC includes assistance in the development of an ATT Introductory Manual that seeks to aide States in the region with the legal aspects of the Treaty’s implementation.
  • Mexico has cooperated with the Government of New Zealand in the drafting of ATT Model Legislation designed to assist Pacific Island Countries with their national implementation process, in view of later on applying a similar Model Legislation with Caribbean States.
  • As a State party to all major conventional arms international instruments, such as the United Nations Program of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in all its aspects (PoA) and the United Nations Conventional Arms Register, as a member of the Wassenaar Arrangement, and as a country with a strong export control system, Mexico participates in the development of best practices within the framework of these instruments and regime that could aide States in successfully implementing the Treaty.
5. Please provide information on any additional needs required to implement the ATT, particularly with regard to legal, licensing, customs, awareness raising and enforcement of sanctions, reporting, and transparency

[ Articles 16.1 and 16/2 ]

6. Please provide information on any specific assistance programs that your State has provided that may help others implement the ATT, particularly with regard to legal, licensing, customs, awareness raising and enforcement of sanctions, reporting, and transparency

[ Articles 16.1 and 16.2 ]

7. Please provide information on specific assistance your State has received through the United Nations, international, regional, subregional or national organizations, non-governmental organizations, or on a bilateral basis that could be considered relevant for ATT implementation

[ Article 16.2 ]

1. Has your State already signed the Arms Trade Treaty?
Yes
2. Has your State already ratified the Arms Trade Treaty?
Yes
3. Is your State preparing to sign the Arms Trade Treaty in the next two years?
N/A
4. Is your State preparing to ratify the Arms Trade Treaty in the next two years?
N/A
5. Will/Has your State forumalted one or more reservations upon ratification?

[ Article 25.1 ]

If yes, please provide a description of your reservation(s). No
6. Please provide any other information you would like to share.
Mexico signed the Arms Trade Treaty on June 3, 2014. Mexico ratified the Arms Trade Treaty on September 29, 2013. Mexico has also issued a statement of provisional application of Article 6 and 7 of the Treaty.