1. Does your State maintain a national system for controlling or regulating:

[ Articles 3, 4, 5.2, 8, 9, and 10 ]

Export Yes
Import Yes
Transit / Transshipment by land Yes
Transit / Transshipment by sea Yes
Transit / Transshipment by air Yes
Brokering No
2. For which activities does your State maintain a national control list of conventional arms:

[ Articles 2.2 and 5.2 ]

Export No
Import Yes
Transit / Transshipment Yes
Brokering No
3. Does your national control list cover the following:

[ Articles 2.1, 3, 4, and 5.2 ]

Battle tanks [Article 2.1] No
Armored combat vehicles [Article 2.1] No
Large-caliber artillery systems [Article 2.1] No
Combat aircraft [Article 2.1] No
Attack helicopters [Article 2.1] No
Warships [Article 2.1] No
Missiles and missile launchers [Article 2.1] No
Small arms and light weapons [Article 2.1] Yes
Ammunition / Munitions for the above items [Article 3] Yes
Parts and components requiring control for the above items [Article 4] No
4. Is/are your national control list(s) publicly available?

[ Article 5.3 ]

1) If yes, please provide a copy or link to where your control list is made publicly available 2) If no, please provide a copy of your control list or provide information on the additional items that are covered Yes
4a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
Firearms Act CAP 198 (Vanuatu Law)
5. Are the controlled items defined?

[ Article 5.3 ]

1) if yes, which definition(s) do you use? (e.g. Wassenaar, United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, National definitions, etc.) Yes
Register of Conventional Arms
1. Is the control of arms exports established in national legislation?

[ Article 5.5 ]

No
1a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
State legislation covers only import
2. Which Ministry/ies or government agency/ies is/are responsible for implementing controls on arms exports?

[ Article 5.5 ]

Ministry of Internal Affairs
3. Which Ministry or agency leads this process?

[ Article 5.5 ]

Ministry of Internal Affairs
4. Does your State take measures to ensure that all authorizations are detailed and issued prior to export?

[ Article 7.5 ]

If yes, what measures does your State take to ensure that all authorizations are detailed and issued prior to export? Do not know
Export in the State legislation is prohibited only special arrangements such as UN deployments
5. Can your State reassess an authorization if your State becomes aware of new and relevant information?

[ Article 7.7 ]

Yes
5a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
Related the information to TCU as it is connect with the Pacific Island Countries Yes through Seminars conferences and survey
6. Does your State maintain records of arms export authorizations?

[ Article 12.1 ]

Yes
6a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
Yes only with the UN Civilian Police deployments on mission
7. For how many years are records maintained?

[ Articles 12.1 and 12.4 ]

More than 10 years (since January 2000)
8. What information do the records contain?

[ Article 12.3 ]

Quantity Yes
Value Yes
Model / Type Yes
Importing State Yes
End-User Yes
Other (specify below) No
End-User is UN Peace Keepers Also record types of arms, destination imported to, purpose and use
8a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
9. Does your State maintain records of actual arms exports?

[ Article 12.1 ]

Yes
9a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
Yes only with the UN deployment, Civilian Police
10. For how many years are records maintained?

[ Articles 12.1 and 12.4 ]

More than 10 years (since January 2000)
11. What information do the records contain?

[ Article 12.3 ]

Quantity Yes
Value Yes
Model/ Type Yes
Importing State Yes
End-User Yes
Transit/ transshipment State(s) Yes
Other (specify below) No
  • Quantity is recorded depending on the number of UN deployments
  • The model/type is 9 MM Beretta Pistols
  • Importing States are East Timor, Haiti
  • End-Users are UN Peace keepers
12. Please provide any other information on export practices you would like to share.
1. Is the regulation of arms imports established in national legislation?

[ Article 8.2 ]

Yes
1a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
We do have legislation that covers imports of firearms – Firearms Act CAP 105
2. Which Ministry/ies or government agency/ies is/are responsible for regulating arms imports?

[ Article 5.5 ]

Ministry of Internal Affairs / Firearms/Armoury, Vanuatu Police Force
3. Which Ministry or agency leads this process?

[ Article 5.5 ]

Ministry of Internal Affairs
4. What measures does your State take to regulate imports?

[ Article 8.1 ]

Document Registry of all Firearm Dealers (Documents well kept)
5. Does your State have measures in place to ensure that appropriate and relevant information is available to exporting States as part of their export assessment process?

[ Articles 8.1 and 11.3 ]

Yes
5a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
These recordings of information are not probably managed but as new data system in place everything well be in good shape in years to come
6. Does your State maintain records of arms imports?

[ Article 12.2 ]

Yes
6a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
Most are for the dealers
7. For how many years are records maintained?

[ Articles 12.2 and 12.4 ]

More than Ten years – since 1987 when the ACT was effective
8. What information do the records contain?

[ Article 12.3 ]

Quantity Yes
Value Yes
Model / type Yes
Exporting State Yes
Transit / transshipment State(s) Yes
Other (please specify below) No
Records also contain types of arms and ammunition imported (according to CAP 198), serial number, model and make.
9. Please provide any other information on import practices you would like to share.
The information’s stated regarding the records contain above were very excellent, another thing was transshipment State(s) and also if the company who exported should also be recorded (We have 3 firearm dealers under the firearm Act who import firearm into Vanuatu such as Port Vila Hardware, Chew Store and LCM. They only import firearm upon approval of an import permit granted by authorities )
1. Is the regulation of transit and/or transshipment established in national legislation?

[ Article 9 ]

If yes, please provide the definition of transit and/or transshipment in your national legislation No
N/A
1a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
The legislation doesn’t covers the transit or transshipment
2. Which Ministry/ies or government agency/ies is/are responsible for regulating arms transit and/or transshipment?

[ Article 5.5 ]

Ministry of Internal Affairs
3. Which Ministry or agency leads this process?

[ Article 5.5 ]

Ministry of Internal Affairs
4. What measures does your State take to regulate transit and/or transshipment under its jurisdiction?

[ Article 9 ]

N/A
5. Does your State maintain records of arms that are authorized to transit and/or transship territory under its jurisdiction?

[ Articles 12.2 and 12.4 ]

Yes
5a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
N/A
6. For how many years are records maintained?

[ Article 12.4 ]

N/A
7. What information do the records contain?

[ Article 12.3 ]

Quantity Yes
Value
Model / Type Yes
Exporting State
Importing State
Transit / Transshipment
End-User
Other (please specify below)
7a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
N/A
8. Please provide any other information on transit and/or transshipment practices you would like to share.
N/A
1. Is the regulation of arms brokering established in national legislation?

[ Article 10 ]

If yes, please provide the definition of brokering used in your national legislation Yes
Firearms Dealers they are the ones that imported the firearms to the State (An applicant for the grant of a firearm dealer’s license under section11(2) of the Act shall be made contrary to section 5)
1a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
Legislation state as Firearms Dealers (Section 5 sub-section A of the CAP 198)
2. Which Ministry/ies or government agency/ies is/are responsible for implementing controls on arms brokering?

[ Article 5.5 ]

Ministry of Internal Affairs
3. Which Ministry or agency leads this process?

[ Article 5.5 ]

Ministry of Internal Affairs
4. Does your State take measures to regulate brokering taking place under your jurisdiction?

[ Article 10 ]

If yes, what measures does your State take to regulate brokering taking place under your jurisdiction? Yes
Make sure that the process for importing firearms and ammunition were properly monitored (importation only done upon approval of import permits recommended by firearm officers and authorities) By keeping all records of sales of firearm, ammunitions and provide to firearms registry within police copy of records. Regular visits to the store rooms to check on quantity according to records
5. Please provide any other information on brokering practices you would like to share.
Dealers only import firearm and ammunition according quantity approved on import permit.
1. Does your State prohibit transfers of conventional arms:

[ Article 6 ]

If the transfer would violate obligations under measures adopted by the United Nations Security Council acting under Chapter VII, in particular arms embargoes? [Article 6.1] Yes
If the transfer would violate relevant international obligations under international agreements to which you are a party, in particular those relating to the transfer of, or illicit trafficking in, conventional arms? [Article 6.2] No
If you have knowledge at the time of authorization that the arms or items covered by your State's legislation would be used in the commission of genocide, crimes against humanity, grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions of 1949, attacks directed against civilian objects or civilians protected as such, or other war crimes as defined by international agreements to which you are a party? [Article 6.3] No
1a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
Arms transfers that would violate obligations under measures adopted by the UN Security Council acting under Chapter VII are confiscated and disposed of. Vanuatu only imports certain firearms as stated in the firearms act.
2. Please provide a list of the relevant international agreements to which you are a party.

[ Articles 6.2 and 6.3 ]

N/A
3. Please provide any other information on prohibitions you would like to share.
1. Does your State always conduct a risk assessment prior to authorization of an arms export?

[ Article 7.1 ]

If no, please specify under which conditions a risk assessment is not required. No
Risk assessment not made because we only import firearms mentioned in our legislation
1a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
2. Does your State require that the following criteria are included in your national assessment prior to granting an export authorization?

[ Article 7.1 ]

Whether the arms would contribute to or undermine peace and security? No
Whether the arms could be used to commit or facilitate a serious violation of international humanitarian law? No
Whether the arms could be used to commit or facilitate a serious violation of international human rights law? No
Whether the arms could be used to commit or facilitate an act constituting an offence under international conventions or protocols relating to terrorism to which your State is a party? No
Whether the arms could be used to commit or facilitate an act constituting an offence under international conventions or protocols relating to transnational organized crime to which your State is a party? No
2a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
Well control
3. Are additional criteria considered in addition to the above prior to authorizing a transfer:

[ Articles 7.4 and 11.2 ]

Risk of diversion No
Acts of gender based violence No
Other (please specify below) No
3a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
Well control
4. Does your State consider risk mitigation measures as part of its authorizations process?

[ Article 7.2 ]

If yes, what mitigation measures does your State consider (i.e. confidence building measures or jointly developed and agreed programs)? No
4a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
5. Please provide any other information on risk assessment and/or mitigation practices you would like to share.
1. Does your State take preventative measures to mitigate the risk of diversion?

[ Article 11.2 ]

If yes, what preventative measures does your State take to mitigate the risk of diversion? Do not know
Do not know
2. Does your State cooperate and exchange information with States to mitigate the risk of diversion?

[ Article 11.3 ]

Yes
2a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
3. Does your State take appropriate measures when it detects a diversion of transferred conventional arms?
If yes, what appropriate measures does your State take when it detects a diversion of transferred conventional arms? Yes
4. Is your State willing to share information on effective measures to address diversion?
If yes, what information is your State willing to share? Yes
1. Which agency/ies is/are responsible for enforcing arms transfer controls?

[ Article 5.5 ]

Ministry of Internal Affairs
2. Which Ministry or agency leads this process?

[ Article 5.5 ]

Ministry of Internal Affairs
3. What measures does your State take to enforce national laws and regulations that implement the provisions of the Treaty?

[ Article 14 ]

Documents Registry – The firearms act limits importation of firearms and specify details on imported firearm
4. Please provide any other information on enforcement practices you would like to share.
National firearm census and re-registration of firearms
1. Will your State provide an initial report within one year of entry into force on measures undertaken in order to implement the ATT?

[ Article 13.1 ]

Yes
1a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
2. Does your State produce an annual report on:

[ Article 13.3 ]

Authorized arms exports Yes
Authorized arms imports Yes
Actual arms exports Yes
Actual arms imports Yes
2a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
Only 9 MM Beretta pistols for UN peace kepers
3. Are there legal impediments to the reporting requirements under the ATT?

[ Article 13.3 ]

Yes
3a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
4. Can your State report on measures taken to address the diversion of transferred conventional arms?

[ Article 13.2 ]

No
4a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
5. Has your State designated a national contact point for the ATT?

[ Article 5.6 ]

Yes
5a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
6. Please provide any other information on transparency practices you would like to share.
1. Is your State involved in cooperation measures that will help to implement the ATT?

[ Article 15.1 ]

Yes
1a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
National UN survey, implementation of Police Act CAP. 198 and Arms Disposal program.
2. Is your State currently involved in:

[ Articles 15 ]

Exchange of information on conventional arms transfers [Articles 15.2 and 15.3] Yes
Cooperative measures to prevent diversion [Article 15.4] Do not know
Widest measures of assistance in investigations, prosecutions and judicial proceedings [Article 15.5] Do not know
Measures to prevent corruption [Article 15.6] Do not know
Development of best practices and lessons learned [Article 15.7] Do not know
2a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
UN Survey
3. Does your State intend to pursue cooperation in:

[ Article 15 ]

Exchange of information on conventional arms transfers [Article 15.1, 15.2, and 15.3] Do not know
Cooperative measures to prevent diversion [Article 15.4] Do not know
Widest measure of assistance in investigations, prosecutions and judicial proceedings [Article 15.5] Do not know
Measures to prevent corruption [Article 15.6] Do not know
Development of best practices and lessons learned [Article 15.7] Do not know
3a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
1. Does your State require assistance to implement the provisions of the Arms Trade Treaty?

[ Article 16.1 ]

2. Does your State require:

[ Article 16.1 ]

Legal assistance Do not know
Legislative assistance, including model legislation Yes
Assistance for institution building Do not know
Technical assistance Yes
Financial assistance Yes
Material assistance Do not know
Stockpile management assistance Do not know
Disarmament, demobilization, or reintegration assistance Do not know
Assistance with effective practices for implementation Do not know
Other (please specify below) Do not know
Vanuatu could benefit from legislative assistance to review the Firearm Act Cap 198 in which is too old. UN Convention. Vanuatu could also benefit from technical assistance to re-design licensing system of civilian arms, and from financial assistance to support the disposal of confiscated firearms and data in formation system.
3. Is your State in a position to provide assistance to other States to enable implementation of the provisions of the Arms Trade Treaty?

[ Articles 16.1, 16.2, and 16.3 ]

If yes, please answer question 4. If no, please go straight to question 5. No
3a. Details / reference / web link / additional comments
4. Is your State in a position to provide:

[ Article 16.1 ]

Legal assistance Do not know
Legislative assistance, including model legislation Do not know
Assistance for institution building Do not know
Technical assistance Do not know
Financial assistance Do not know
Material assistance Do not know
Stockpile management assistance Do not know
Disarmament, demobilization, or reintegration assistance Do not know
Assistance with effective practices for implementation Do not know
Other (please specify below) Do not know
5. Please provide information on any additional needs required to implement the ATT, particularly with regard to legal, licensing, customs, awareness raising and enforcement of sanctions, reporting, and transparency

[ Articles 16.1 and 16/2 ]

Review of Firearm Act CAP 198 in conjunction to ATT.
6. Please provide information on any specific assistance programs that your State has provided that may help others implement the ATT, particularly with regard to legal, licensing, customs, awareness raising and enforcement of sanctions, reporting, and transparency

[ Articles 16.1 and 16.2 ]

Presentation: National Firearm Safety Seminar, Christchurch, NZ with other pacific island states.
7. Please provide information on specific assistance your State has received through the United Nations, international, regional, subregional or national organizations, non-governmental organizations, or on a bilateral basis that could be considered relevant for ATT implementation

[ Article 16.2 ]

  • A) Disarmament, Disposal of Firearms and Ammunitions
  • B) National Survey
1. Has your State already signed the Arms Trade Treaty?
Yes
2. Has your State already ratified the Arms Trade Treaty?
No
3. Is your State preparing to sign the Arms Trade Treaty in the next two years?
N/A
4. Is your State preparing to ratify the Arms Trade Treaty in the next two years?
5. Will/Has your State forumalted one or more reservations upon ratification?

[ Article 25.1 ]

If yes, please provide a description of your reservation(s). Do not know
6. Please provide any other information you would like to share.